NEW Easy Reefs DKI Superoxide Dismutase Fish Care pellet is the highly nutritious Easy Reefs DKI pellet with a very powerful antioxidant. It is well-known that diets rich in antioxidants help people live longer, healthier lives. Now you your fish can benefit, too.
Oxidative stress occurs when antioxidant capacities are overwhelmed by the load of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are produced by the metabolism itself but can also be induced by exogenous factors such as an inadequate diet low in antioxidants. The green microalgae Tetraselmis chuii has been widely used as food for the development of crustacean and fish larvae, and has a balanced nutritional composition containing vitamins, minerals, amino acids, essential fatty acids, polyphenols and pigments.
Furthermore, when grown under industrial conditions under patent-protected systems, this species of microalgae is capable of accumulating the highest superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity found on the market, with more than 30,000 U/g dry weight.
SOD is the most powerful antioxidant against ROS, scavenging superoxide anions and thus protecting cellular components from oxidative damage. In addition to this role as a direct antioxidant, T. chuii has been shown to act as an indirect antioxidant in both in vitro and in vivo systems, inducing its own cellular antioxidant mechanisms, SOD, glutathione peroxidase and catalase, both at the transcriptional level and in enzymatic activities.
These effects appear to be mediated by activation of the nuclear transcription factor Nrf2, which is known to control the expression of hundreds of genes that play a role in multiple cytoprotective pathways.